Scientific paper 4 – Influenza A (H1N1) vaccine efficacy in animal models is influenced by two amino acid substitutions in the hemagglutinin molecule

February 21, 2017 3:55 pm

Influenza A (H1N1) vaccine efficacy in animal models is influenced by two amino acid substitutions in the hemagglutinin molecule

Journal: Virology, July 1989, Pages 214-221

Authors: John M. Wood, John S. Oxford, Una Dunleavy, Robert W. Newman, Diane Major, James S Roberston

Abstract

The immunogenicity and protective efficacy of formalin-inactivated vaccines prepared from influenza A (H1N1) viruses grown in MDCK cells and in eggs was compared in animal models.

The A/Chr/157/83 virus grown in MDCK cells (157M) differed by two amino acid substitutions in the HA molecule from the corresponding virus grown in eggs (157E) and the two viruses could be distinguished antigenically by monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies. Following two intramuscular injections of vaccine in ferrets, guinea pigs, and hamsters, both vaccines were equally immunogenic when antibody was analyzed by hemagglutination inhibition using homologous virus. However, single radial hemolysis analysis following antibody cross-adsorption showed that antibody stimulated by 157E vaccine was exclusively strain specific whereas that produced by the 157M vaccine was more broadly reactive. When immunized hamsters were challenged with virus cultivated on mammalian (MDCK) cells, the homologous vaccine induced a higher degree of protection than the corresponding egg-grown vaccine.

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