Scientific paper 41 – HIV Type 1 Envelope Glycoprotein 120 Carboxy-Terminal Peptide-Induced Human T Cell Lines Selectively Suppress Heterogeneous Proliferative T Cell Responses to Soluble AntigensMarch 7, 2017 11:14 am
HIV Type 1 Envelope Glycoprotein 120 Carboxy-Terminal Peptide-Induced Human T Cell Lines Selectively Suppress Heterogeneous Proliferative T Cell Responses to Soluble Antigens
Journal: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, 13(15):1313-24
Authors: Susan E Wilson, John A Habeshaw, Mohammad A Addawe, John Sidney Oxford
It has been proposed that the highly conserved human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope gp120 carboxy-terminal sequence, TKAKRRVVEREKR (CT120), may represent a functional mimic of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II DR beta-chain third hypervariable region (HVR3) sequence motif located at position 69-81.
Presentation of this potentially pathogenic fragment by HLA class I and/or II molecules, in a manner analogous to the indirect pathway of allorecognition, may induce both widespread cellular activation and also break self-tolerance, resulting in the selective and progressive anti-self HLA class II-directed immune suppression, which is a central feature of HIV-1 infection and the associated acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). To investigate the functional role of the HIV-1 gp120 C-terminal fragment T cell lines (TCLs) were raised from three healthy HIV-1-seronegative subjects at low risk of HIV-1 exposure, by repeated stimulation with a short synthetic 13-mer CT120 peptide in vitro. Graded concentrations (10 to 5 x 10) of CT120 TCLs suppressed the primary 6-day proliferation of autologous PBMCs in response to the soluble antigens tetanus toxoid (TT) and purified protein derivative (PPD). In contrast, CT120 TCLs demonstrated no suppressive effect on 3-day phytohemagglutinin (PHA), concanavalin A (ConA), and pokeweed mitogen (PWM) mitogenic responses. Fractionation of CT120 TCLs into highly purified CD4+ and CD8+ T cell subsets demonstrated that the CD8+ T cell fraction mediated the suppressor effector function. HLA restriction analysis revealed a complex pattern as both anti-HLA class II DR and anti-HLA class I (A, B, C) MAbs inhibited proliferation of oligoclonal CD8+ CT120 TCLs. Strategies aimed at specifically inhibiting such putative immunopathogenic HIV-1-encoded T cell epitopes may be an important consideration for development of future HIV-1 immunotherapy.