Scientific Paper 72 : A throat lozenge containing amyl meta cresol and dichlorobenzyl alcohol has a direct virucidal effect on respiratory syncytial virus, influenza A and SARS-CoV.February 4, 2016 3:50 pm
Oxford, J. S., et al. (2005). – Antivir Chem Chemother 16(2): 129-134.
A potent virucidal mixture containing amyl metacresol and dichlorobenzyl alcohol at low pH inactivated enveloped respiratory viruses influenza A, respiratory synctial virus (RSV) and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) but not viruses with icosahedral symmetry, such as adenoviruses or rhinoviruses. A titre of approximately 3.5 log10 TCID50 was reduced to below the level of detection within two minutes. Electron microscopy of purified influenza A virus showed extensive clumping and morphological changes in spike configuration after contact with the virucidal mixture, but no overt destruction of the viral membrane. We conclude that, formulated as a lozenge, the mixture could have significant effects in reducing the infectivity of certain infectious viruses in the throat and presumably in cough droplets, thus reducing, theoretically, opportunities for person-to-person transmission.