The following poster summary details our presentation made at AAAAI (American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Annual Meeting) in Los Angeles, USA 4 – 7 March 2016:
Viral induced disease in mild atopic asthmatics: dynamics of pulmonary function, speed of symptom onset and implications for drug intervention in HRV inoculated volunteers
Authors: Alex J Mann & Ganesh Balaratnam, Jane Gunter, Pawel Rucki, Chris Poll, Martin Johnson, Tony Lockett.
RATIONALE: The immune response in asthmatics has been shown to be different to non-asthmatics, leading to differences in the response to infection between the populations. This trial was performed to gather evidence about the optimum dose, safety, and pathogenicity of a GMP manufactured HRV-16 strain in asthmatics.
METHODS: hVIVO recruited 20 mild atopic asthmatics with low serum neutralizing antibodies. Subjects had full health screens including physical examinations, pulmonary function, and skin prick tests. Subjects were brought to quarantine a day before inoculation and randomized to either a 10TCID50 dose of virus (n=13) or placebo (n=7). Throughout the controlled quarantine period, regular timed samples were taken and assessments performed for 8 days, before discharge. Asthmatic data were compared to data obtained from healthy subjects given the same dose of virus.
RESULTS: Of the 13 asthmatics inoculated with virus, 11 (85%) were infected (confirmed by PCR), 4 of the infected (36%) exacerbated (ACQ score rise by 0.5), and had measurable reductions in PEF. Interestingly the infected asthmatics had a more rapid onset of both upper and lower respiratory symptoms, preceding healthy subjects.
CONCLUSIONS: A GMP HRV-16 strain of virus has safely progressed through the 1st two stages of characterization in volunteers. Mild asthmatics exacerbated upon inoculation with a low dose of HRV, had reductions in lung function and a rapid onset of symptoms. Robust assessments and sampling within quarantines can aid in reducing noise and could allow for more precise and dynamic measurement of drug efficacy.